Napoleon, Bismarck and Churchill are but three figures that have left their mark on the course of modern history yet are rarely addressed in other history classes.  Through an exploration of the events that have shaped the path of Europe’s existence, a greater understanding of global, national and local topics is possible.  Students should expect to be challenged not just with extensive readings but also in the organization and analysis of new data, through their writing and verbal skills and in myriad other ways that will challenge their understanding of the world.  Reaching back as far as 1450 and spanning to the current age, the successful completion of this class will also provide a framework for success on the AP test (required of all students).  A significant amount of outside of class to work on readings, projects and writing is necessary.